Author’s Instructions

Manuscript submission:

Submission of a manuscript implies it is not being simultaneously considered for publication elsewhere and that the authors have obtained the necessary authority for publication. For Submission of your manuscript please go through online submission (link) or mail to submission@ajabs.org or editor@ajabs.org or ajabs2013@gmail.com or ajabs2013@yahoo.com
Correspondence and notifications regarding manuscripts will be made through e-mail. All reviewer comments and author revisions are handled electronically. Final acceptance of a manuscript is contingent upon compliance with Journal of Biological and Chemical Chronicles requirements. Manuscripts other than Special Invited Papers are generally published in the order of receipt of the final, accepted version or of the corrected proof.

Manuscript preparation:

Language and Style: All manuscripts should be written in good English. Poorly written papers will be automatically returned for rewriting before review. Both British and U.S. English are acceptable but authors should be consistent in their usage. Abstract should be written in Times New Roman with font 10 and rests of the things are written in Times New Roman with font size 11. For arrangement the article is dividing into clearly defined and numbered section i.e. 1, 2, etc. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (1.1.1, 1.1.2 etc), 1.2 etc. Any subsection may be given a brief heading and should be appears on its separate line.

Please adhere to the following order of presentation:

Author name and affiliation: Author(s) name should be consists of first and middle name initial followed by full last name. In case with more than one author clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence concerning the paper i.e. correspondence author and use singles asterisk (in superscript) as * to indicate the corresponding author and address. Use double, triple etc. asterisks as superscripts to indicate other authors and their corresponding addresses. Provide the e-mail address, full postal address, telephone and fax number of corresponding author.

Abstract: The abstract should present a brief summary of the paper including questions being addressed and the key findings of the study. It should not serve as an introduction nor contain references. It consist of one paragraph not exceed 200 words.

Keywords: It provide immediately after the abstract and between 3-10 keywords. Keywords assist readers for indexing purposes.

Introduction: It includes the scientific importance, historical background relevance to other area and objectives of the paper.

Material and Methods: It should be written in sufficient detail to enable others to repeat the author(s) work.

Results and Discussion: It may be combined or kept separate and may be further divided into subsections. This section should not contain technical details.

Conclusion: It should be the brief conclusion of the paper

Acknowledgments: Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.

References: References should be numbered sequentially as 1. 2. 3. 4. and so on .Within the text, references should appear as consecutive numbers in superscript as (e.g., 1 or 1, 2 & 3) etc. The list of references should be given in the order of the first appearance of references in the text. The list of references should be formatted as follows:
1. For Articles in Journals: Indicate the surnames and initials of the author(s), the year of the reference (in parentheses), the title, the journal in italic, the volume number (Issue number), the page numbers.
For example: 1. Smith M., Gaur G. and Mehta H. (2001) Synthesis and structural analysis of ZnO nanoparticles, Asian J. of Adv. Basic Sci., 1(2), 123-129.
2. For Books: The surnames and initials of the author(s), the year of the reference (in parentheses), the full title of the book in italic, and (in parentheses) the publisher, the city, and pages.
For example: 1. Mishra S. S., Morgan S. and Charlton P. (2001) Quantum Mechanics, (Allen, New York, 11-13).
3. Conference Proceedings: Please add all available data such as title, date, and place of the conference as well as publisher, place, and year of publication or, alternatively.
For example: 1. Ansell J., Harrison I. and Foxon C. T.: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Chemistry, Colorado, USA, 2001, Part A (Wiley-VCH, Berlin, 2002) 279-282.
4. References to Online Material: Should include a brief description and or title: http://www.kzoo.edu/ ajp/docs/information.php.
5. Reference to a Thesis: Author surname, initial, year of publication in bracket, D.Sc. /Ph.D./ M.Sc./ B.Sc. Thesis, country(Town): university.
For example: Agutter A. J. (2000) Ph.D. Thesis, UK (Edinburgh): Edinburgh University.

Tables and Figure: Tables and figures should be embedded in the text. A short descriptive title should appear above each table with a clear legend and any footnotes suitably identified below. Avoid vertical rules. They are numbered consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Number the tables as Table 1, Table 2 etc, to in the text. Figures should be completely labeled, taking into account necessary size reduction. Caption should be typed as double spaced. Number the figures as Fig. 1, Fig. 2 etc. to them in text.

Equations: Each equation should appear on a separate line with proper punctuation placed before and after it. All equations must be numbered sequentially. The number of the equation, in parentheses, should be placed near the right-hand margin. Avoid bars either above or below letters. Avoid subscripts on subscripts, etc. Adequate space must be allowed for marking of inferior and superior letters or numbers. Crowded equations lead to errors in composition. Use the following format to refer to equations in the text: Equation (5) follows from substituting Eqs. (2) and (3) into Eq. (4).

Chemical Reaction Data: (Relevant for only Chemical and Biochemical Fields For heterogeneous catalysis, presentation should include reaction rates normalized by catalyst surface area, surface area of the active phase, or number of active surface atoms or catalytic sites, as appropriate. Typical rate units are mol s-1 m-2 or, in the case of surface atom normalization to produce turnover frequencies, s-1. For homogeneous catalysis, rates should typically be reported as turnover frequencies. Comparisons of selectivities should be made at similar conversions. Catalytic measurements need to be carried out under kinetically limited conditions. Confirming tests need to be carried out and reported, especially for all reactions occurring in the liquid phase.

Symbols and Units: Greek symbols and special characters often undergo formatting changes and get corrupted or lost during preparation of a manuscript for publication. To ensure that all special characters used are embedded in the text, these special characters should be inserted as a symbol but should not be a result of any format styling (Symbol font face) otherwise they will be lost during conversion to PDF/XML2. Authors are encouraged to use SI units, but use of SI units is not mandatory if other units are more appropriate.

Nomenclature: Nomenclature should confirm to current American usage. Insofar as possible, authors should use systematic names similar to those used by Chemical Abstracts Service or IUPAC.

External review:

The external review process is initiated when the editor sends the manuscript out for review. When the reports are returned, the Editor makes a decision based on the recommendations received and the number of previous revisions and informs the submitter in a decision letter.

Decisions on initial submissions:

a. If the reviews are negative or insufficiently strong to support continued editorial consideration, the manuscript will be rejected.
b. In other cases, including cases where the reviews are mixed, the manuscript will be returned for revision with suggestions and directions for resubmission.
c. With the resubmission, authors must include a cover letter that summarizes the revisions and provides responses to the issues and questions raised by the editor and/or the reviewers. Upon resubmission the manuscript will usually be sent back to the previous reviewers and occasionally to new reviewers for re-review.
Revised manuscript: A revised manuscript should be returned within 6 days for minor changes and 10 days for major revisions. If the manuscript is not returned within this time frame, it will be considered withdrawn by the author and any revised version submitted subsequently will be considered a new contribution.

After acceptance:

Copyright transfer: Authors will be asked to transfer copyright of the article to the publisher. This will ensure the widest protection and dissemination of information under copyright laws.
Color illustrations: Publication of color illustrations authors will be required to bear the full cost involved in color art reproduction.
Proof reading: The corresponding author will receive a proof and should be return to publisher within three days of receipt. Correction should be restricted to typesetting error; any other correction may be checked and corrected since the inclusion of late correction cannot be accepted.

Correction and Retraction Policy:

Corrections: Corrections are published if the publication record is seriously affected with regard to the accuracy of published information. Corrections are published in the subsequent issue under Corrections and addendum.
Retractions: Retractions are done when the main conclusion of the paper is seriously undermined. Readers should first contact the authors of the original paper and then write to the journal, including copies of the correspondence with the authors. The editor will consult reviewers for their comments. The article will be retracted in cases such as multiple submission, plagiarism or fraudulent use of data.

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